Types and causes of neuropathic pain

Types and causes of neuropathic pain

Accidents and illnesses may destroy nerve fibers, interfering with pain signal transmission and reception.

Injury to a nerve may cause present signals to be distorted, new signals to be generat, or normal signals to be blocked from being transmitted. Also, it may make non-pain signals seem painful. These disorders may cause unpleasant feelings ranging from mild to severe.

Since neurological impairment affects the senses, people may experience altered feelings of touch, temperature, motion, and pressure.
This article investigates the causes, manifestations, symptoms, and treatment options for neuropathic pain.


Several medical conditions may cause nerve damage, resulting in neuropathic pain. They are as follows:

  • Diabetes is link to cancer and cancer treatments such as chemotherapy.
  • neurological illnesses, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) (MS)
  • Neurodegenerative illnesses, including Parkinson’s disease
  • shingles stroke
  • HIV Hansen’s disease (leprosy) (leprosy)
  • Guillain-Barre syndrome is a neurological disorder.
  • vascular illness of the blood vessels
  • vascular anomalies
  • autoimmune diseases
  • An injury may cause tissue and nerve damage, as well as increase nerve pressure. This may occur during surgery or as the outcome of a serious accident, such as one resulting in a spinal cord injury.

Some infections, such as herpes zoster, may sometimes cause nerve damage and neuropathic pain.

Moreover, excessive alcohol use may result in neuropathy. This might be relate to nutritional deficiencies and the neurotoxic effects of alcohol.

Some medicines may sometimes cause neuropathy.

Nonetheless, in some cases, neuropathic pain may not have a clear cause.


There are several types of neuropathy that affect different nerves and physiological locations.

A single nerve injury is refer to as mononeuropathy, while damage to two or more nerves in different sites is referred to as multiple mononeuropathy.

In most cases, many nerves are injure, a condition known as polyneuropathy.

The sections that follow will look at several types of neuropathy and explain which body parts they often affect.


Certain neuropathy symptoms may fade with time. Symptoms of neuropathic pain may be relieve by addressing or managing the underlying cause.

Patients suffering from chronic neuropathic pain may need treatment to lessen unpleasant or severe symptoms.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines are often unsuccessful in the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Some medications that may help with nerve pain treatment include:

  • medicines used to treat epilepsy
  • sopioids antidepressants
  • Capsaicin cream, lidocaine patch injections, or nerve blocks, which may include steroids, opioids, or anesthetics.
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) treatment may also be recommended by a doctor. A TENS machine delivers a mild electrical impulse to the afflicted area through an electrode linked to the skin.

The impulse may stimulate certain nerves and suppress pain signals. This may help to relax the muscles and relieve uncomfortable emotions.

If a TENS device is unsuccessful, percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation may be perform (PENS). PENS works similarly to TENS, with the distinction that the electrode is insert under the skin rather than on the surface.

Some people find that acupuncture relieves their neuropathy pain. This may help to stimulate the nervous system and prompt a healing response to relieve pain.
The neuropathic pain (pain caused by nerve injury) and fibromyalgia are treat with Pregalin 50 mg Capsule (severe muscle pain and tenderness). It works to alleviate pain by lowering levels of chemicals in the brain responsible for relaying pain sensations. Certain forms of anxiety and epilepsy are also treat with it (abnormal electrical activity in the brain).

In severe cases, some types of nerve damage, such as compression mononeuropathy, may also be treat surgically.

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